Dry needling is a practice used by physical therapist to treat myofascial pain. The procedure uses a “dry” needle, one without medication or injection, inserted through the skin into areas of the muscle, known as trigger points.
A trigger point is a taut band of skeletal muscle located within a larger muscle group. Trigger points can be tender to the touch, and touching a trigger point may cause pain to other parts of the body.
Physical therapists use dry needling with the goal of releasing trigger points to relieve pain or improve range of motion, reduces muscle tension, and normalizes dysfunctions of the motor end plates, the sites at which nerve impulses are transmitted to muscles. This can help speed up the patient’s return to active rehabilitation.